Frequently asked questions (FAQ)#
What is the motivation behind the Open Source Brain repository?#
There are an increasing number of detailed single neuron and network models from various brain regions becoming available which encapsulate the latest data on anatomical and electrophysiological properties of the systems being investigated (e.g. on ModelDB). These complex models take a long time to develop and are normally only available in one of many incompatible, simulator specific formats.
The Open Source Brain repository (OSB) is a public repository for detailed neuronal models in standardised formats, with curated, stable releases which will evolve in line with new experimental findings, the latest modelling paradigms and simulator technology development. Anyone can contribute to any of the models on OSB, either through fixing a bug, adding new features or improving documentation for published models.
While the models can be collaboratively developed in any simulator format, the ultimate aim is to get as much of the model as possible into simulator independent formats like NeuroML and PyNN to ensure modularity, accessibility, cross simulator portability and to enable in-browser visualisation, analysis and simulation.
Which version of OSB should I use?#
We are actively developing version 2 of the OSB platform. A discussion of the features of the various versions can be found here.
Who’s behind OSB?#
The Principal Investigator for the OSB project is Angus Silver. The core team at UCL currently consists of Padraig Gleeson (Project Manager) and Ankur Sinha. Special thanks to Matteo Cantarelli, Adrian Quintan, Matt Earnshaw, Boris Marin, Eugenio Piasini and the team at MetaCell for their significant contributions to OSB while at UCL.
We are grateful to the scientific community that develops, maintains, and contributes models and data that is available on the Open Source Brain platforms. You can see contributors for individual projects on their individual repositories.
A number of international research groups and organizations are actively involved in the Open Source Brain Initiative. See here for more details.
What types of models can be developed?#
Models of information processing in the nervous system are created at many levels, from high level models of cognitive processes and consciousness to low level models of signal transduction at synapses. In the short to medium term OSB will focus on spiking neuron models, i.e. networks of individual neurons which communicate through sending events to synapses on target cells. The core set of models currently under development in the OSB are conductance based models of (often multicompartmental) neurons. This class of neuronal model is particularly suited to collaborative development, as models of channels and synapses, or whole cell models, are often reused between studies, and the models themselves are complex software entities. The focus of NeuroML v1.x was on this type of model, but with version 2.0, support has been extended to more abstract neuron models (e.g. leaky integrate and fire, adaptive threshold models).
While converting the model components to NeuroML will be a key step towards increasing model transparency and accessibility and making them available for use on multiple simulators, other cross platform technologies will be used to assist model portability. Python is a scripting language commonly used in computational neuroscience and has been adopted by a number of the target simulators for OSB models. PyNN is a Python package for simulator independent specification of neuronal network models, and will be useful for procedural specification of complex network structures. The Simulation Experiment Description Markup Language (SED-ML) will be used for specifying settings for running simulations of the models. Mappings of the model components in OSB to other structured languages in computational biology will be supported too where appropriate, such as SBML, CellML and NineML.
Do I have to be registered for accessing OSB projects and tools?#
No. You can browse the OSB projects and use most of the OSB tools. However, if you would like to create your own project you should sign up. Also, the new functionality for executing and replaying your own simulations through the OSB interface is only available for logged in users.
Since all the scripts for models on OSB reside in autonomous repositories (e.g. on GitHub), each repository can (and should…) contain its own licence information. Unfortunately this is not the case for most of the repositories on OSB (which is a more widespread problem in scientific software development). Nevertheless, the clue is in the title… a user placing a model on Open Source Brain is probably keen to have it used and reused widely. If in doubt though and you want to be sure, open an issue on the repository in question (or mail email@example.com) requesting licence info be added to the repository.
Don’t forget the golden rule however (more important to scientists than software licences…): if you use a model, reference the original publication which describes the model. If there are significant changes in the OSB repo from the original model which you want to cite, we can generate a DOI/reference for a specific version of the model (e.g. here).
How can I contribute?#
We are happy to hear from anyone interested in helping out with this initiative. We are particularly keen to get modellers or software developers in computational neuroscience involved.
There is a central list for projects in OSB (and related NeuroML tools) which require help from volunteers. See this page for details.
Find out about all the ways to follow the project or get in touch.